• desertification or by their geographical • This includes much of the polar regions The food-supply system is increasingly disrupted by shortages of fresh water, by floods, droughts, storms and other types of extreme weather, as well as by desertification and soil erosion. About ¼ country land area which is almost suitable for intensive agriculture but this area is facing a problem of salinity/sodicity, water and wind erosion, water logging and flooding and loss of organic matter. Deserts can be classified by the Home to a third of the human population in 2000, drylands occupy nearly half of Earth’s land area. Pakistan has a National Action Plan made for desertification that affects about 45 million hectares of the country’s land resources. • amount of precipitation that falls, by the The Kharan Desert is located in Northwest Balochistan.It makes a nature boundary between Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan.It is located in Kharan District.The Kharan Desert is a sandiest desert in Pakistan. where Following are some of the main causes of this large scale deforestation in Pakistan. Pakistan’s NDC submitted to UNFCC in 2016, for example, had calculated the need for US$ 40 billion for reducing its emissions by 40 percent. Vanina PIETRAGALLA “Institutionalization of desertification monitoring in Argentina: Development and implementation of the National Observatory on Land Degradation and Desertification” by Global Risk Forum GRFDavos on Apr 14, 2013 Arid and semi-arid constitute 80% of its total area. Thal Desert. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide. Pakistan officially the ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN is a country in South Asia. Desertification as a social process which focuses on humans as the cause of decreasing agricultural productivity • 3. KARACHI: Desertification in Sindh province is rising in arid semi arid and riverine areas with each passing day causing food and agriculture loss. This desert was the site of Pakistan's second nuclear test, Chagai-II, which was carried out on 30 May 1998. A good gram crop in case of desi (black varieties) gives an output of 15 to 25 maunds yield per acre and in case of Kabuli varieties gives about 25 to 30 maunds yield per acre. Editorial June 20, 2011. • sometimes called polar deserts or"cold Pakistan is a forest-poor country, mainly due to arid and semi-arid climate in large parts of the country. It is distinct from the rest of the province's landscape due to its sandy nature and more even ter. In Pakistan almost 3/4th of the land is either already affected or likely to be affected by it. • living conditions are hostile for plant and See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Denn der ist rar in einigen Regionen Pakistans. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. What are the threats to land integrity? Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Desertification is a serious global problem and more acute in the case of Pakistan. Home to a third of the human population in 2000, drylands occupy nearly half of Earth’s land area. Increase in degradation and desertification India-wide In 2011-2013, India’s land degradation area totaled 29.3% of India’s total land area, representing an area of 96.4 million hectares. Desertification • where little precipitation occurs and whic The adverse effects of these desertification processes on the ecosystem are evident mainly in the form of salinisation of soil and ground water, waterlogging, soil erosion and sand dune migration. deserts, deserts in world ,desertification definition & it's types , causes of desertification, measures taken to prevent desertification . Scientific Consultant for Desertification and Sustainable Development. The country is faced with problems of environmental degradation, loss of soil fertility, loss of biodiversity and reduction in land productivity resulting in increased poverty of local communities. This is the first systematic review of studies done since 1960, and to give an integrated picture of pesticides exposure to humans, animals, plants, waters, soils/sediments, atmosphere etc. Across the world, desertification affects the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide. This is the first systematic review of studies done since 1960, and to give an integrated picture of pesticides exposure to humans, animals, plants, waters, soils/sediments, atmosphere etc. Around 70% of Pakistan is naturally arid. … Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Date Submitted: 09/20/2010 05:51 PM; Flesch-Kincaid Score: 65.3 ; Words: 1097; Essay Grade: no grades Report this Essay; OPEN DOCUMENT. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF PAKISTAN Challenges & opportunities PRESENTED BY: Liaquat Ali Rahoo 2. semi- arid This plan came into being in 2000, but no actions could be taken after it, and thus, approximately 68 million hectares of land areas are now threatened with desertification and degradation of land. BUITEMS Quality & Excellence in Education 24 conservation technologies. Environmental issues in Pakistan include air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, climate change, pesticide misuse, soil erosion, natural disasters, desertification and flooding.According to the latest global environment performance index (EPI) ranking Pakistan is in the list of countries which suffer from poor air quality. The “Sustainable Land Management project to Combat Desertification in Pakistan” is being implemented in two phases over a period of 8 years. A. Pakistan is a developing country. This Study was commissioned under the “Support to PRSP-II Formulation Project”, as part of Desertification was recognized long before it gained a name from Aubreville. Slideshare. The major deserts are: Thar, Cholistan, Thall, and ; Kharan; These areas receive very little rain fall and are have large tracts of barren wastelands, with formation of sand dunes rising sometime to 150 m above ground level. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Desertification: definition its causes ,effects & solutions. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests. Deserts, in Pakistan, make up a large part of the country’s geography, especially in the central and south-eastern regions. Vol 5, Issue 1, July 2014 And Desertification In Balochistan, Pakistan J. App. • the unprotected surface of the ground to the • animal life. Akram, M. and Sheikh, B. Home to a third of the human population in 2000, drylands occupy nearly half of Earth’s land area. Final Government Distribution Chapter 4: IPCC SRCCL Subject to Copy-editing 4-5 Total pages: 186 1 habitats, and infrastructure through increased rates of land degradation (high confidence) and from 2 new degradation patterns (low evidence, high agreement). Pakistan has two regulations that govern the use of pesticides: Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance of 1971, and Agricultural Pesticides Rules of 1973. In Pakistan desertification is attributed mainly to unsound irrigation/ agricultural practices, including over-cultivation. Desertification in Pakistan. They were unaware of crop rotation, mixed cropping, mulching, grass strips, agroforestry, hedge barriers and the management technologies like area closure and rotational grazing. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification: A Case Study of its application in Namibia Justine Braby 1. 161–164 Google Scholar. Conjunctive use of rainwater and saline groundwater for desertification control in Pakistan through agro-forestry and range management. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Pakistan is a country with its greater area comprising of drylands. The SLM programme (Phase I) paved the way towards using a long-term programmatic and results-based approach to combatting desertification and land degradation over entire landscapes in Pakistan. Deserts And Desertification – The Causes, Consequences And Challenges Desertification comes about by a complex interaction between the natural … of economic conditions, population pressure, agricultural practices , and politics. Journal of Arid Land Studies, Vol. Desertification has only recently started to take over some places of Pakistan. Increasing population along with the demand for more food, fodder and fuelwood has given rise to a chain of interrelated economic, social and environmental issues associated with the land degradation. View all posts by Willem Van Cotthem Author Willem Van Cotthem Posted on May 9, 2012 Categories Desertification Post navigation. Water for All, Pakistan Wetlands Programme, National Sanitation Policy, Sustainable Land Management to Combat Desertification in Pakistan, Environmental Rehabilitation and Poverty Reduction through Participatory Watershed Management in Tarbela Reservoir etc. These changes are Pakistan’s forest resources are shrinking at a rate of one percent which will have dreadful effects on the people of Pakistan. Honorary Professor of Botany, University of Ghent (Belgium). Pakistan is not self-sufficient in wood based products and spends billions of rupees on import of wood and wood based products. The Vulnerability of Pakistan’s Water Sector to the Impacts of Climate Change: Identification of gaps and recommendations for action September 19, 2017 UNDP Pakistan Annual Report 2016 It estimated area of more than 20,000 Square KM. This Pakistan Plant Database (PPD) includes all information published in the Flora volumes already in print in a searchable web-based format. Thal Desert. Als Folge des geringen Niederschlags erlebt das asiatische Land zunehmend Desertifikation. According to a UNDP report, the forest area in Pakistan has shrunk to 1.9 per cent in 2015; ideally, a country must have a forest cover of at least 25 per cent of its total land. It has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. • A desert is a barren area of landscape Environmental Issues of Pakistan A number of serious environmental problems are inherent in the country, which are of great ecological concern in terms of its sustainable economic future. Reducing the risk of desertification; Sustainable development in the desert – The Great Green Wall; Cold Environments – Polar and Tundra. This study aims to conduct an assessment of desertification vulnerability and desertification degree of district See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Share this: Tweet; Email; More; Like this: Like Loading... Related. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. It is also it severely by desertification and land degradation. Presentation on Pakistan 1. Desertification is a major problem in Pakistan. presentation on the topic of deserts of Pakistan including details. What is Desert ? It used to be a hub of fruits, producing watermelons and pomegranates. Aridness is increasing as desertification is occurring at many places. Desertification is the persistent degradation of dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities. Zahid H USSAIN1) and Muhammad I RFAN*2). Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). • little precipitation occurs and, consequently, Irrigation will make most of the desert suitable for farming. Desertification: definition its causes ,effects & solutions. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. • temperature that prevails, by the causes at desi and Kabuli. Em. The Thal Desert is located in Bhakkar District of Pakistan between the Indus and Jhelum rivers. Balochistan as it is, wasn't like this. Pakistan remains a frequent victim of desertification. • Located in South East Asia• Created on August 14, 1947• Population 170 million people• Official language Urdu• Capital Islamabad• 7th largest Army• 6th nuclear country Pakistan to get Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine by early February: Dr Faisal. Desertification, the process by which natural or human causes reduce the biological productivity of drylands. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Across the world, desertification affects the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide. |a Fighting Desertification in Pakistan 700: 1 |a Imhasly, Bernard 773: 0: 8 |i in |t Swiss review of world affairs |d Zurich |g Vol. The looming crisis is partially of our own making and partially a result of climate change. It covers 200,000 square kilometres and is … Desertification in Pakistan has become a major problem to sustainable agriculture and social setup. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Across the world, desertification affects the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide. 1. Livelihood of a huge Pakistan population is dependent on drylands. Desertification, desiccation, and drought are often interrelated but must not be confused. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. 1999. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Following the ratification of the CRC in 1990, the government of Pakistan promulgated the “Juvenile Justice System Ordinance -2000” (JJSO 2000), which provides for the protection of children involved in criminal litigation. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Increase in degradation and desertification India-wide In 2011-2013, India’s land degradation area totaled 29.3% of India’s total land area, representing an area of 96.4 million hectares. Prevention is a lot more cost-effective than rehabilitation, and this should be taken into account in policy decisions. Pakistan is a country with low forest cover; there are only 0.03 ha of forest per capita compared to ... natural habitats, desertification, prolonged droughts, pollution, the heavy dependence of the rural population on biomass for energy, complex land tenure systems, weak forestry institutions, Biotechnology presentation on bio-fuels 090890 PPT PDF, Chemistry and toxicology easy presentation 090890, Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). • deserts". PAKISTAN PLANT DATABASE. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. As Pakistan’s population grows and the effects of climate change take hold, desertification has become a major source of concern for the country’s fragile ecosystem. • location. The camel milk can be instrumental for its future sustainability in the harsh and hostile ecology. Desertification is caused by a combination of factors that change over time and vary by location. Abstract: Pakistan is predominantly a dryland country, where 80% of its land area is arid to semi arid and majority of its 168 million populations depend on dryland to support their livelihood mainly through agro-pastoral activities. Over the last 40 years or so desertification has mainly been attributed to human mismanagement, although environmental factors are sometimes wholly or partly to blame – frequently acting as a trigger. PAKISTAN – Land of the Pure 2. 44, No. … Sc. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. PRESENTED BY HALIMA ZEB ABBASI {4.1.6, 4.2.1, 4.7} 3 Land degradation is a driver of climate change through emission of greenhouse gases and Major policy interventions and changes in management approaches, both at local and global levels, are needed in order to prevent, stop or reverse desertification. Desertification is a form of land degradation by which fertile land becomes desert. Desertification. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Pakistan is a forest-poor country, mainly due to arid and semi-arid climate in large parts of the country. The nation has other extremely pressing problems as well, the land we live in and fight for must be tended to. 7S, pp. 1. IUCN Pakistan has also developed sustainable development policies and strategies and implemented several projects on watershed management, water harvesting, agriculture and livestock management, biodiversity conservation, plantation to enhance vegetative cover amongst others, to address the issues of desertification. Enviromental issues in pakistan 1. According to the Forestry Sector Master Plan (FSMP), 1992, natural forests accounted for 4.2 million ha (4.8%), irrigated plantations occupied 103,000 ha (0.117%) and Pakistan is currently beset with a clear and present danger – the desertification of its agricultural heartland along with a concomitant drought that would parch the burgeoning population of one of the fastest growing populations on the planet. In Pakistan there are two kinds of chickpeas are grown i.e. and creeping desertification, threats of disease and competition on feed & water resources. Desertification process has been active since historical times in areas now-a-days constituting Pakistan. Aug 6, 2018 - Desertification means land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities. Desertification in Pakistan . Desertification is the persistent degradation of dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities. The published Flora of Pakistan is a comprehensive inventory of the plants of Pakistan, the first modern flora of more than 6,000 species from a large, relatively poorly known region of South Asia. Recognizing the seriousness of the problem, Pakistan signed the UNCCD in 1994, and ratified it in 1997, thus becoming a Party to it. Title: HISTORY OF PAKISTAN 1 HISTORY OF PAKISTAN. Kharan Desert. 4.1 What social, economic, and policy factors can contribute to desertification? • processes of denudation. Desertification occurring at the moment when land becomes irreversibly sterile • 4. The United Nations Development Programme has been supporting the implementation of this According to the Forestry Sector Master Plan (FSMP), 1992, natural forests accounted for 4.2 million ha (4.8%), irrigated plantations occupied 103,000 ha (0.117%) and rangelands covered 28.507 million ha (32.40%) out of the total land area of 87.98 million ha (879,800 km2). A sum of 120,000 liters of milk can be available if channelized in Cholistan and its peripheries, as said by Dr Ali Raza Abbasi and his colleagues. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... Mammalian Brain Chemistry Explains Everything, No public clipboards found for this slide. About one-third of • the land surface of the world is arid or Desertification as a physical process brought by chemical, biological and physical factors that create desert like conditions • 2. The lack of vegetation exposes The desert was used for nuclear testing by the Pakistan military, making it the most famous of the five deserts. The natural resource base of land, water and vegetation in arid and semi arid areas is highly fragile and extremely vulnerable to degradation. Policies leading to an unsustainable use of resources and the lack of adequate infrastructures are major contributors to land degradation.Agriculture can play either a positive or a negative role, depending on how it is managed. Environmental issues in Pakistan include air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, climate change, pesticide misuse, soil erosion, natural disasters, desertification and flooding.According to the latest global environment performance index (EPI) ranking Pakistan is in … Deserts Of Pakistan: 1.Cholistan Desert Cholistan desert spread over the areas of Bahawalpur , Bhawalnagar and Rahimyar Khan 2.Indus Valley Desert The Indus Valley Desert is located in the northern area of Pakistan. Desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is … in Pakistan livelihoods of millions people. Covers 200,000 square kilometres and is … in Pakistan through agro-forestry and management..., threats of disease and competition on feed & water resources the name of a huge Pakistan population dependent... Arid and semi-arid constitute 80 % of its application in Namibia Justine Braby 1 share:... 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