Wool is one of the most naturally inspiring fibres on the planet, and undergoes a unique journey from the sheep’s back to the world of fashion. The major steps necessary to process wool from the sheep to the fabric are: shearing, cleaning and scouring, grading and sorting, carding, spinning, weaving, and finishing. Its journey will end in a beautiful product for you to knit, crochet, weave or get crafty with. VIDEO. Fulling, also known as tucking or walking (Scots: waukin, hence often spelled waulking in Scottish English), is a step in woollen clothmaking which involves the cleansing of cloth (particularly wool) to eliminate oils, dirt, and other impurities, and to make it thicker. We work closely with manufacturers involved at all stages of the wool manufacturing pipeline, developing new processes and creating new product opportunities that are both innovative and aimed at adding value to create new commercial opportunities. Top-making turns the scoured wool into a 'top' or combed sliver — a collection of aligned fibres, without twist, ready for spinning into yarn. No wonder the saying goes "count sheep to fall asleep". The first step in processing wool takes place on the farm or ranch with shearing, usually in the springtime. The key properties that determine the use of wool are its diameter and the crimp. SHEARING AND GRADING The first step in processing wool takes place on the farm or ranch with shearing… usually in the springtime just before lambing. Woollen yarn is usually created from the shorter fibres of the sheep's fleece. Fleece wool generally contains the longest wool fibres, which vary less in diameter and length. The Wool Production Process. The goal is to remove the wool in one piece. This process is known as shearing. 1. Worsted yarn mainly uses the highest quality fleece wool obtained during shearing. Processing of wool 1. At the wool processing mills, there are steps involved when converting fibre to yarn and the better the workmanship at each stage, the better the resulting cloth. They still may be in the wool, and of course they are a no-no for the yarn, so combing removes those. This is known as scouring. Acknowledgement: NEC wool fabric evening dress designed by New Zealand fashion designer Sera Lilly, courtesy of AgResearch. The target is fine even yarn, and an uneven yarn means it’s going to have thick and thin places where it may break during processing and also will look less tidy and less attractive. These fabrics are ideal for warm winter jackets or sweaters. The loops are either cut or left as loops, depending on the finish required. Fill the machine with HOT water and laundry or animal soap, then add the bags of fleece. Well, the sheep has that same issue, so that has to be removed, and there’s a high production washing process by a wool scour. Join now. In this technique, yarns are stitched through a backing fabric to create loops. Carding is a big machine about 20 metres long or longer with tooth rollers that tease the fibres, open them up and produce a nice even strand for the next stage. Worsted yarn is used to make flatter, lighter and smoother fabrics such as those used for traditional tailoring. Woollen yarn is usually created from the shorter fibres of the sheep's fleece. Wool is a renewable resource. Process. Log in. A single metal ring at the end of this process provides a frame during the fundamental phase when a spool of semi-finished material is transformed into valuable thread. Shearing. Grading and sorting of the fleece, is the breaking up of the fleece based on quality. Push the fleece down gently into the water a … We find there’s usually small particles of vegetable matter – seeds and leaf and twigs – picked up by the sheep. In this method, the fleece of the sheep along with a thin layer of skin is removed. The quality of the shearing process is another big step in getting high quality wool. So you’re starting with finer wool. I slept under a wool blanket that my Grandmother knitted. This process is overseen by Woolgatherer Carding Mill, located just down the road from us in Montague, California.Woolgatherer supplies all the wool we use to make our natural and organic wool bedding. Yarn is an exciting adventure for your fiber! They tend to be finer because the end products are going to be high-quality apparel fabrics that want soft handle and lightness of weight, good breathability and all these other desirable consumer properties. The wool is put through a picker which opens the locks and blows the fluffy wool into a room. Yarns from both the woollen and worsted systems can be knitted into garments. They can complete the task in about 5 minutes, … Sheep shearing is the process by which the woollen fleece of a sheep is cut off. There are variations in the number of steps required depending whether you are making a yarn for the woollen system or a yarn for the worsted system. Here is wool prior to making a yarn – it’s called a roving. A wide variety of wool processing equipment options are available to you, There are 73 suppliers who sells wool processing equipment on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Asia. The singles yarn is quite fine, relatively weak, particularly if it’s wool, so it’s common practice to combine two singles yarns together, by twisting them together to form say a two-fold yarn or higher as well. There are wool scours scattered around New Zealand, and they handle perhaps about 5 tonnes of wool an hour in their production to produce clean scoured wool – white, free of contaminants, ready for processing. At this stage, the sliver still contains particles of vegetable matter as well as short fibres. The fleece recovered from a sheep can weigh between 6 – 18 pounds. 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