; Ruiz, J.M. According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO), due to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease, the daily consumption of table salt should be reduced. Results: Median and Mean (95% CI) concentrations of urinary iodine and creatinine were 129 µg/L, 137.62 µg/L (95% CI: 126.28, 148.95) and 1.72 g/L, 1.86 g/L (95% CI: 0.55-3.17),respectively. The results obtained in the present study indicate that the application of iodine, compounds has an inﬂuence on the changes of concentration of chemical compounds and dry matter, reduction of the weight of lettuce head, which indicates the need to reduce iodosalicylic acids. KIO3 was used at a dose of 5 mg I dm−3, while Na2SeO3 was 0.5 mg Se dm−3. The study included the application of I (as KIO3), Se (as Na2SeO3), and SA into the nutrient solution. C. After incubation, samples were cooled to a temperature of approximately 20. ﬁlled to 30 mL with double-distilled water. In order to analyze the. The application of I+Se was a mild abiotic stress factor for the plants of the ICEL and REDL cultivars. Root length, root mass, and above-ground weight were significantly higher after iodine and vanadium compared to controls. Mineral composition (means for 2018–2019). Lettuce is a vegetable with negative calories because calories needed for its processing of the body (40kal / 100 grams) are more than those who supplied him (13 cal / 100 g). NMDA receptors take part in neurons excitability, processes of neuroplasticity and excitotoxicity. Fertilization with iodine and vanadium compounds decreased the accumulation of most minerals, macroelements, and microelements compared to controls. AhR receptors are engaged in neurodevelopment, differentiation process and 50 million are reported clinical symptoms. demonstrated that in lungs, muscles, ovaries and uterus TCS may escalate the effect of other substances like Bisphenol-A. The values of iodine transfer factor for the latter two combinations were higher than after the application of KIO3 or KIO3 + SA. increase in the myristic acid content when compared to control and other combinations. mL-1 of deutered salicylic acid (SA-d4, Sigma-Aldrich). However, there was, nitrogenous compounds and chlorides in lettuce are presented in T, acids was observed in control non-enriched plants. investigated the possibility of using cultivated plants that have been fertilized with iodine compounds. The following combinations were tested with the introduction of 5I-SA and KIO3 (together with SA) into the nutrient solution: 1./Control, 2./KIO3 (40.0 μM I. crispa L. cultivars (abb. IDDs with their causal association with brain development, cognition, and learning disabilities impair the human resource development and progress of the country. Lettuce (Lactuca sativaL. Bagiu RV, Vlaicu B, Butnariu M (2012) Chemical composition and in vitro antifungal activity screening of the Allium ursinum L. (Liliaceae). a balance of pro-inﬂammatory and anti-inﬂammatory mediators from omega 6 and omega 3, and linoleic (C18:2) acids, which are about 60% and 20% of the total fatty acids, respectively [. 2. studies were conducted in a greenhouse with hydroponic cultivation of three botanical varieties of lettuce in an NFT (nutrient film technique) system: two cultivars butterhead lettuces (abb. Iodine deficiency is known to be the single largest cause of preventable brain damage. polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which constituted 71.53–73.50% of the total fatty acid content. Abstract:A two-year greenhouse study was conducted to assess the eects of the application of I (as KIO3), Se (as Na2SeO3), and salicylic acid (SA) in nutrient solutions on the chemical composition of six lettuce cultivars, i.e., two butterhead lettuces (BUTL), “Cud Voorburgu” and “Zimujaca”;˛ This makes it one of the foods that are richest in water. REDL) ‘Lollo rossa’ and ‘Redin’ having little red leaves. many pathologies, including physical and mental disorders. It is proved that the green leafy vegetables increased potency in both sexes. ; Zernicke, R. Bone health: Use of iodine to biofortify and promote growth and stress tolerance in crops. accumulation of a much higher content of iodine in plants than after KIO, In a study conducted on tomato plants, the authors demonstrated that the absorption of iodine from, the inorganic form (KI) is higher than iodine from iodosalicylates [. Study of. and 3.5-diISA resulted in much lower iodine content in lettuce, mentioning that vegetables are better accumulators of iodine than grains of cereal crops, because the, accumulation of this element in the plant tissues is in large part dependent on xylem transport [. The level of I accumulation formed the following order: REDL ‘Lollo rossa’ > REDL ‘Redin’ = BUTL ‘Cud Voorburgu’ > BUTL ‘Zimująca’ > ICEL ‘Maugli’ > ICEL ‘Królowa lata’. Mg and, Ca also play signiﬁcant roles for the human organism by promoting bone growth, of 3.5-diISA; therefore, the consumption of biofortiﬁed lettuce may e, noticed that with the iodine treatment, there was a tendency of Cu and Zn concentration to decrease, in lettuce, which is consistent with other research. Mineral composition (means for 2018-2019). In the heads of all cultivars, the level of I accumulation was 10–30 times higher than of Se. organic form as iodosalicylates (5-iodosalicylic and 3,5-diiodosalicylic acid) is taken up and accumulated, The aim of the study was to determine the inﬂuence of iodine biofortiﬁcation (potassium, In the spring seasons of 2018 and 2019, the hydroponic cultivation of lettuce, greenhouse of the Faculty of Biotechnology and Horticulture, University of Agriculture in Krak, Each year, seed sowing was performed at the beginning of Mar, Seeds were sown into 112-cell propagation trays with 32, with the use of tap water. A majority of previous studies has investigated iodine status among children, and there is limited data on female adolescents who are more exposed to consequences of iodine deficiency (ID) in their near-future pregnancies; thus, we aimed to assess iodine status, and knowledge on iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) among adolescent school girls (14-19 years old) in Shahriar, Iran. ions were determined by AQ2 Discrete Analyzer (Seal Analytical, USA) using the protocols pr. Several of these analogs can induce SA-mediated defense and inhibit growth of Pseudomonas syringae in Arabidopsis. ; Leyva, R.; Romero, L.; Ruiz, J.M. not limited to negative impacts on human health. Two-year studies (2014–2015) were conducted in a greenhouse with hydroponic cultivation of lettuce in an NFT (nutrient film technique) system. crispa L. (REDL), The aim of the study was to determine the effect of various doses of 5-iodosalicylic acid (5I-SA; organoiodine compound) on the growth, chemical composition, and efficiency of iodine biofortification of lettuce cultivated in a nutrient film technique hydroponic system. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. of triclosan action in mouse neocortical cells. Moreover, the application of 3.5-diISA decreased the concentration of nitrates as compared to control and other treatments. Triclosan is the ubiquitous antimicrobial agent presents in many of daily-used products. Growth and yield of lettuce (. B Internal Structure. extraction method (AOAC procedure No. Examination of involvement of AhR and NMDA receptors in cytotoxicity and apoptosis induction. We compared the effect of iodine fertilization on the basic chemical composition, fatty acid profile, macro- and micronutrients, content of sugars, nitrogenous compounds, chlorides, and iodine compounds. The content of nitrogenous compounds and chlorides (means for 2018-2019). ICEL) ‘Maugli’ and ‘Królowa lata’ (all this four cultivars are classified as Lactuca sativa L. var. 8; Means followed by the same letter are not signiﬁcantly. The advantage of agrotechnical methods of biofortification is the incorporation of elements in organic compounds in plants; therefore, they have better health-promoting properties than pure technical salts. The application of 1.0 mg SA dm−3 improved the biomass productivity in all cultivars compared with I+Se. The presented method of HQ calculation represents only I intake with fresh lettuce leaves. The content of phytochemicals can be di, individual varieties; therefore, it is essential to choose those that are characterized by a high level of, The hypothesis states that the availability of iodine in nutrient solutions in hydroponic cultures. None of the iodine compounds, in most tested doses, have substantially increased the CAT and POX activities in tomato leaves. ; investigation, O.S., S.S., A.K. A list of compounds structurally similar to SA was generated using ChemMine Tools and its Clustering Toolbox. and. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 2014, 33, 39-48. ; Ibaceta, R.R. investigate the involvement of aryl hydrocarbon receptors (AhR) and N-me, The agrotechnical methods of biofortification of plants, i.e., enriching them in iodine (I) and selenium (Se) could be effective methods to enrich food products in these elements. The applied treatments had no significant impact on lettuce biomass (leaves and roots). Chemical Composition and Allelopathic Activity of the Essential Oil from Callistemon viminalis (Myrtaceae) Blossoms on Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Seedlings This study investigated if genetic diversity among cauliflower cultivars (white ‘Xenia’ F1, green ‘Vitaverde’ F1, purple ‘Graffiti’ F1, orange ‘Sunset’ F1, romanesco ‘Celio’ F1) and transplant chilling are reflected in the content of 17 elements in mature curds. SA application at all tested doses comparably increased the level of selenomethionine (SeMet) and decreased the content of SA in leaves. The aims of this project would be: Studying the chemical composition and the main antioxidant compounds they contain (polyphenols, vitamin C, folates, carotenoids and chlorophylls) could provide valuable information about their advantages and disadvantages with regard to their quality and potential health-promoting properties, as well as their suitability to be used as whole heads or fresh-cut lettuce. Application of KI decreased the levels of all analyzed sugars in tomato leaves. of plants cultivated in the control and KIO. The effect of iodosalicylates on sugar content varied depending on the compound: when applied in the highest dose 5-ISA increased, while 3,5-diISA decreased the sugar accumulation in tomato plants. The children born in iodine-deficient regions on an average have 13.5 intelligence quotient (IQ) points lesser than children born in iodine-sufficient regions. The partnership between government agencies, academic institutions, salt industry, development agencies and civil society has been key to achieve this success story. Lettuce have utility as therapeutic agents in the water retention in the body, as well as in decreased bowel. Sensory evaluation was also carried out for the acceptability of lettuce from different planting methods. practice of iodised salt use in a remote community in Kerema district, Gulf province, Papua New Guinea. 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