Tenochtitlan was an Aztec capital city founded in 1325. Today, the Valley of Mexico is almost entirely covered by the monstrous expansion of Mexico City. The Aztec city of Tenochtitlan was also the largest city in pre-Columbian Americas and went on to serve as the vice royalty of New Spain. During its peak, Tenochtitlan was once inhabited with well over 200,000 people, being one of the largest cities in the world at that time. Tenochtitlan History, Population, Significance, & Facts . It sits on a swampy island in the middle of Lake Texcoco in the Basin of Mexico, a strange place for any capital, ancient or modern. Then again, it's also the source of many fascinating rumors and half-truths, thanks to repression after the Spanish conquest. Even today there are chinampas in Xochimilco. Today, Mexico City is still one of the largest cities in the world, despite its unusual setting. 9. In the area around Tenochtitlan there were floating gardens, artificially made to grow food. This is the true story of the ancient Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan. The Aztec Empire had its capital in the city-state of Tenochtitlan and so it was the most important city of the empire. The ancient Aztec city of Tenochtitlan is the source of a flood of fascinating history. 10. The city was located on the western side of Lake Texcoco and had swampy ground. Before the Spanish arrived, the Aztecs served a soup called pozole at celebrations. The Aztec Empire: The Aztec Empire was one of the most powerful states in the Americas prior to the arrival of Europeans. The squares of Tenochtitlan had free and public baths. In addition, all organic wastes. There were ancient ruins as well as thriving communities here when the Aztecs arrived, including the abandoned stone structures of two major cities: Teotihuacan and Tula, both referred to by the Aztecs as "the Tollans." The soup wasn’t just any soup, however. They developed a system of artificial islands called “chinampas”, designed to produce double super abundant crops. The Siege of Tenochtitlan was the final, decisive battle that led to the downfall of the Aztec empire and marked the start of a Spanish civilisation in what is now called Mexico. Tenochtitlan was approximately 5.2 square miles in size, connected by causeways to the mainland. Tenochtitlan (Nahuatl languages: Tenōchtitlan pronounced [tenoːt͡ʃˈtit͡ɬan]; Spanish: Tenochtitlán), also known as Mexica-Tenochtitlan (Nahuatl languages: Mēxihco Tenōchtitlan pronounced [meːˈʃiʔko tenoːt͡ʃˈtit͡ɬan]; Spanish: México-Tenochtitlán), was a large Mexica city-state in what is now the center of Mexico City.The exact date of the founding of the city is unclear. See more. Smack in the center of the city, … It was located on an island in Lake Texcoco, which today is in the downtown of Mexico City. Tenochtitlán, located in the heart of what is now Mexico City, was the largest city and capital of the Aztec Empire. At its center were a Nahuatl-speaking people known to their enemies as Aztecs. In the early fourteenth century, the Aztecs built Tenochtitlan (as directed by Huitzilopochtli) and the great temple to honor him on what are called Chinampas. Although it’s made with pork, chicken, or a mix of both today, the original meat was man (my husband hotly contests this, but the archeological record is … Tenochtitlán definition, the capital of the Aztec empire: founded in 1325; destroyed by the Spaniards in 1521; now the site of Mexico City. One such picture of Tenochtitlan is the following: Aztec temples and buildings in Tenochtitlan Main temples Now let’s go to the main attraction – the buildings that make up the vast, mysterious yet utterly beautiful city of Tenochtitlan. 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